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The Women's Lacrosse Field: 

Lacrosse Field

Rules of the Game:

Women's lacrosse is a non-contact game played by 12 players: a goalkeeper, five attackers and six defenders. The object of the game is to shoot the ball into the opponent's goal. The team scoring the most goals wins.

Women's lacrosse begins with a draw, which is taken by the center position. The ball is placed between two horizontally held crosses (sticks) at the center of the field. At the sound of the whistle, the ball is flung into the air as the crosses are pulled up and away. A draw is used to start each half and after each goal, and it takes place at the center of the field.


The collegiate game is 60 minutes long, each half being 30 minutes. The high school girl's game is 50 minutes long, each half being 25 minutes. In both collegiate and high school play, teams are allowed two timeouts per game (including overtime).


There are visual guidelines on the side of the field that are in place to provide a consistent indicator to the officials of what is considered the playing field. The minimum dimensions for a field is 120 yards by 70 yards. Additional markings on the field include a restraining line located 30 yards from each goal line, which creates an area where only a maximum of seven offensive players and eight defensive players (including the goalkeeper) are allowed; a 12-meter fan, which officials use to position players after fouls; and an arc in front of each goal, considered the critical scoring area, where defenders must be at least within a stick's-length of their attacker.


The boundaries are determined by the natural restrictions of the field. An area of 120 yards by 70 yards is desirable.


When a whistle blows, all players must stop in place. When a ball is ruled out of play, the player closest to the ball gets possession when play is resumed. Loss of possession may occur if a player deliberately runs or throws the ball out of play.


Rough checks, and contact to the body with the stick or body, are not allowed.


Field players may pass, catch or run with the ball in their stick. A player may gain possession of the ball by dislodging it from an opponent's stick with a check. A check is a controlled tap with a stick on an opponent's stick in an attempt to knock the ball free. The player must be one step in front of her opponent in order to check. No player may reach across an opponent's body to check the handle of a stick when she is even with or behind that opponent. A player may not protect the ball in her stick by cradling so close to her body or face so as to make a legal, safe check impossible for the opponent.


All legal checks must be directed away from a seven-inch sphere or ""bubble"" around the head of the player. No player is allowed to touch the ball with her hands except the goalkeeper when she is within the goal circle. A change of possession may occur if a player gains a distinct advantage by playing the ball off her body.


Fouls are categorized as major or minor, and the penalty for fouls is a “free position.” For major fouls, the offending player is placed four meters behind the player taking the free position. For a minor foul, the offending player is placed four meters off, in the direction from which she approached her opponent before committing the foul, and play is resumed. When a minor foul is committed in the critical scoring area, the player with the ball has an indirect free position, in which case the player must pass first.


A slow whistle occurs when the offense has entered the critical scoring area and the defense has committed a major foul. A flag is thrown but no whistle is sounded so that the offense has an opportunity to score a goal. A whistle is blown when a goal is scored or the scoring opportunity is over. An immediate whistle is blown when a major foul, obstruction or shooting space occurs, which jeopardizes the safety of a player.


First Home:
 The First Home's responsibility is to score. Located mainly in front of the goal, first home should continually cut towards the goal for the shot, or cut away from the goal to make room for another player. She should have excellent stick work. 
Second Home: Second Home is considered to be the play maker. She should be able to shoot well from every angle and distance from the goal.
Third Home: Third Home's responsibility is to transition the ball from defense to attack. She should be able to catch and throw easily and feed the ball to other players and fill in wing areas.

Attack Wings: 
The A Wings are also responsible for transitioning the ball from defense to attack. Wings should have speed and endurance and be ready to receive the ball from the defense and run or pass the ball. Typically, when the ball is on the side of the low defense, the Attack Wings must discuss which one of them may pass the restraining line in order to assist her teammates. There are 2 Attack Wings on the field at all times.
Center's responsibility is to control the draw and play on both attack and defense. She should have speed and endurance. Center should be able to run from one end of the field to another with no trouble.
Defensive Wings:
 The wings are responsible for marking the attack wings and focus on transitioning the ball to the attack area. Wings should have speed and endurance. Typically, when the ball is on the side of the low attack, the Defensive Wings must communicate in which of them may pass the far restraining line in order to assist her attack teammates make a goal. There are 2 Defensive Wings on the field at all times. 

Point: Point's responsibility is to mark the first home. She should be able to stick check with ease, hold excellent body position, and look to intersect passes.

Third Man: The responsibility of the Third Man is to mark the third home. She should be able to intercept passes, clear the ball, run fast, hold excellent body positioning, be aggressive, and help with crashes. 
Goalkeeper: The Goalkeeper's responsibility is to protect the goal. She should have excellent stick work, courage, and confidence. 

The Women's Lacrosse Stick: The crosse (lacrosse stick) is made of wood, laminated wood, or synthetic material, with a shaped net pocket at the end. A girl's crosse must be an overall length of 35 1/2 - 43 1/4 inches. The head of the crosse must be seven to nine inches wide. The pocket of the stick must be strung traditionally; no mesh is allowed. The top of the ball when dropped in the pocket must remain even with or above the side walls. The goalkeeper's crosse may be 35 1/2 - 48 inches long. The head of the crosse may be mesh and up to 12 inches wide. All sticks MUST be approved by U.S. Lacrosse.

Lacrosse head

Goggles: Eyewear is mandatory for the protection of players! All Goggles worn on the lacrosse field must be approved by US Lacrosse. 

Lacrosse Goggles

The Ball: Game balls must be yellow and made of solid rubber. 

Lacrosse Ball

Mouthguard: All players on the field must wear mouthguards. (Mouth guards may not be white or clear!)

mouth guard

Goalie's Equipment: Goalie must wear a face mask and helmet with a mouth guard (which may not be white or clear!), along with a throat and chest protector. They may wear padding on hands, arms, legs, and shoulders and chest that does not excessively increase the size of those body parts




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